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Magento Data Migration Tool: A Comprehensive Guide

Magento Data Migration Tool: A Comprehensive Guide

Magento Data Migration Tool: A Comprehensive Guide

Success in the constantly changing world of e-commerce depends on remaining competitive and satisfying the needs of online customers. This frequently prompts owners of online stores to check out newer, more feature-rich platforms that can aid them in keeping up with market trends and client expectations. But moving an entire e-commerce store from one platform to another can be a challenging, extensive task. It requires transmitting a wide range of data, including order histories, client information, product listings, and website setups. The Magento Data Migration Tool enters at this point, acting as a ray of hope for e-commerce business owners starting on this transformational road.

In this blog, we'll go deeply into the realm of the Magento Data Migration Tool and provide a thorough tutorial that will give you the information and insights you need to complete the migration process effectively.

What is a Magento Data Migration Tool?

The flawless transfer of data, settings, and configurations from a current e-commerce website to a new one created on the Magento platform is made possible by the Magento data migration tool. This technology is essential to migrating your online store since it guarantees precise and effective data transfer while minimizing any business operations delays.

The primary purpose of the Magento Data Migration Tool is to automate the transfer of critical data from the original e-commerce platform to a new Magento installation, including information about products, customers, orders, and content. Businesses wanting to upgrade from older versions of Magento to the most recent Magento 2.x platform or those switching from other e-commerce systems to Magento may find this extremely helpful.

Advantages of Magento Migration Tool

  1. Free to use

One of the main benefits of the data migrating tool is that the installation portion is completely free.

  1. Documents and detailed instructions

It gives customers an in-depth guide on using the data migration tool, which will help them overcome all the challenges that arise during the transfer process.

  1. Data flexibility

You can easily select the best migration mode for your store from three completely distinct options. This helps you move data as accurately and securely as possible while saving time.

  1. Modern technology stack

The Magento 2 platform uses the PHP 7 version. Magento 2 uses cutting-edge and latest technologies, including Symfony, Composer, HTML 5, JQuery, Apache, CSS 3, Twig, Nginx, MySQL, and Gulp.

  1. Scalability

Your infrastructure may be scaled vertically and horizontally to support the migration process, making it flexible to the needs and size of your company. The tool can handle several data elements concurrently because it allows parallel processing. The solution is built to manage large volumes of data, guaranteeing that even enterprises with a lot of historical data may move their records without experiencing performance issues.

  1. Mobile optimized

Websites created with Magento 2 may offer users a seamless, high-quality mobile experience, increasing the conversion rate.

  1. Powerful SEO

The benefit of migrating to Magento 2 is its comprehensive SEO tools. It provides canonical tags, better snippets, SEO-friendly URLs, suffixes, prefixes, and many more. For enhanced SEO, Magento 2 also comes with XML/HTML sitemaps. Magento 2 migration is advantageous for SEO because it ranks websites higher in search engine results.

  1. Quality extensions

Regarding Magento 2, each third-party extension is carefully verified and inspected for quality. High-end security and the superior quality of the Magento 2 extensions are ensured. Additionally, many Magento 2 extensions are of the highest caliber.

Disadvantages of Magento Migration Tool

  1. Downtime on your source code

After the data migration is complete, you must choose the maintenance mode for your Magento 1 system, which causes a brief period of downtime.

  1. No official support

It is essential that other than the documentation, Magento does not provide any official assistance. Because of this, users alone are responsible for the success or failure of the Magento 2 transfer.

  1. Require high technical knowledge - Exception printing, Data loss

You must be technically adept at using this Magento 2 migrating tool without making mistakes like printing issues and data loss. The occurrence of errors could stop you from moving your data or result in omissions. Since the process is so complex, several issues could prevent your transfer from executing or cause data loss. There are some of these mistakes: Exception printing and data loss. You need first to generate a backup of your data, find the issues, and rectify them. This process could be time- and resource-consuming.

  1. Themes can't be ported

You cannot migrate a theme template from your Magento 1 store to the Magento 2 platform during the migration process, whether customized or theme templates.

  1. Incompatible extension

Unfortunately, not all third-party Magento 1 extensions will function with Magento 2 if you've integrated them in-store.

  1. Require technical knowledge

Magento 1 to Magento 2 transfer is a comparatively simple process. However, migrating your data to the Magento 2 database will require technical know-how and expertise. To make the transfer process seamless, hire professional assistance if you update your Magento 1 store to Magento 2.

How to transfer data using the Magento data migration tool

Three modes of Migration tool:

  1. Settings: All Configuration setting migration is done.
  2. Data: Migrate bulk data in the Database
  3. Delta: Transfer the incremental data modifications to the Magento 1 admin panel and store them while the previous migration method was active.

Step 1: Install the data migration tool

To specify the path of the Data Migration Tool package, you must first update composer.json in the Magento root installation directory. Consider the installation procedure using Github.

  • Become the file system owner on your Magento server by logging in or switching to that mode.
  • Go to the root directory of Magento 2
  • Add this command

Composer config git composer require magento/data-migration-tool

1.2 Version of a data migration tool

  1. Access your Data Migration Tool directory now


  1. Open Composer.json

PHP version 7.3 is necessary to use Magento version 2.3.4. This could cause issues for business owners. You can look at a potential problem at the Magento Community.

The version entry in that file indicates the Data Migration Tool's version.

Step 2: Configure Migration

2.1 Back up database

mysqldump -uadmin -p databasename target> databasename target.sql

2.2 Configure migration

Before transferring any data, you must create a config.xml configuration file using the given sample. The Data Migration Tool can be configured for migration in one of two ways:

  • In a separate module
  • In a vendor format

The following describes how to configure migration in a vendor folder:

  1. Access your Magento server by logging in as the owner of the Magento file system.

  1. Make changes in the directory.


  1. Add the command below to generate a config.xml from the given sample:

cp config.xml.dist config.xml

  1. Open the config.xml file in text editor

The encryption keys and database access information for Magento 1 and Magento 2 must be contained in the config.xml file:


<database host="" name="magento1" user="root"/>



<database host="" name="magento2" user="root"/>



<crypt_key />


Optional parameters:

Database user password: password=<password>

Database custom port: port=<port>

Table prefix: <source_prefix>, <dest_prefix>

If your Magento 1 database has the prefix magento1 and your database owner's username and password are root and pass, use the following in config.xml:


<database host="" name="magento1" user="root" password="pass" />



<database host="" name="magento2" user="root" password="pass" />






Save your changes to config.xml.

Step 3: Migrate using data migration tool

3.1. Migrate settings

To start, run this.

bin/magento migrate: settings [-r]--reset] {<path to config.xml>}

3.2. Migrate data

Run this command:

bin/magento migrate:data [-r]--reset] [-a|--auto] {<path to config.xml>}


  • The [-a|-auto] option prevents migration from halting when it finds integrity check errors.
  • The optional argument [-r|-reset] starts migration. This argument can be used to test migration.
  • The absolute file system path to config.xml is represented by the input {<path to config.xml>}; it must be provided.

3.3 Migrate changes

The remaining data added after the primary migration is delivered by delta functionality. After the main migration, additional data could have been entered into the Magento 1 database. The program creates the database triggers for the tables at the start of the migrating process to track this data.

Run this command to run recent data:

bin/magento migrate: delta [-r|--reset] {<path to config.xml>}

Step 4: Post-migration checkup

You may run into some issues while using this tool to migrate data. Check all of your store's entities from the back and frontend to find any problems and rectify them to prevent missing any of your data.


For companies wanting to switch between several Magento instances or versions, the Magento Migration Tool provides a robust solution. The tool's ability to handle large data sets and adapt to changing data volumes ensures that the migration process is effective. It provides a technique to ensure that your online store is up-to-date, scalable, and capable of meeting your company's changing needs. To overcome the potential difficulties and limitations of the tool, successful migration frequently calls for meticulous planning, specialist knowledge, and extensive testing.

CONTACT US; We are always prepared to provide prompt assistance and support.

October 24, 2023
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