Top Five Best Practices in Magento
Magento is one of the leading e-commerce networks. Most of the world's big brands use Magento for their online stores for its simplicity, reliability and open-source network. Many e-commerce businesses and small retail businesses also use Magento because of its wide range of inbuilt functionalities, high scalability, excellent growth, and development.
There are lots of modern programming technologies are used nowadays, but still, Magento is very popular among them. Since Magento is one of the most powerful and flexible shopping cart engines, some best practices will help you to reduce the number of bugs, enhance the quality and maintenance of your online website store. With years of experience in Magneto development, here we have listed guiding principles for best practices on Magento development.
1) Coding Standards
Always follow coding standards guidelines that describe the style of writing your codes and never edit core files which break the default behavior of Magento and leave you with vulnerable. Coding standards that you set will make your code maintainable and compatible. By following the standard conventions, you give your code a professional look and make it easier to read. Just ensure that your Magento coding standards are based on Zend coding standards, PSR1, PSR2, and PSR4.
2) Reuse code
Copy and paste of code throughout the application is the worst coding technique. Avoid using redundancy or duplicate code, which is hard to maintain whenever changes required. Create a single class and refer it when needed. As general solutions reuse your code as much as possible for future development and avoid the cost of duplication.
3) Avoid creating a helper class
Helper or utility class is a static method which does not fit easily anywhere. These classes are anti-pattern and work against Oops (object-oriented programming) concept. If you've got ClassA and a ClassAHelper with static functions that act on ClassA, you ought to consider refactoring those functions into ClassA. A helper class works as a catch-all for random methods. It breaks the single responsibility principle to solve the multiple problems in a single class.
Try to avoid overriding whenever it's possible and use helpers or extend the core class to form your own. It also saves your extension from conflicting with the third party. The observer can modify the Magento application's behavior because they are dynamically inserted into the execution flow.
5) Module Development
There are more than 100 components in the form of modules, themes, and language available for Magento 2. Magento's design allows you to create and develop your components. Magento 2 needs a lot of additional coding but it's based on simple principles. So if your code is too complicated then probably you are not in the correct direction. Magento Ecosystem requires healthy and stable modules.